Phát triển Hải Phòng trong không gian chung của Đồng bằng sông Hồng và cả nước

Tăng trưởng Hải Phòng trong ko gian chung của Đồng bằng sông Hồng và cả nước

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Tăng trưởng Hải Phòng trong ko gian chung của Đồng bằng sông Hồng và cả nước -

With potential, outstanding advantages already existing, Hai Phong develops not only for Hai Phong but for the whole region and the whole country.

In particular, Resolution No. 30-NQ/TW dated November 23, 2022 of the Politburo on socio-economic development and assurance of national defense and security in the Red River Delta until 2030, with a vision to 2020. 2045, which is expected to create a new position and force for Hai Phong and the whole region… Had an exchange with Deputy Secretary of the City Party Committee, Chairman of the Hai Phong City People’s Committee Nguyen Van Tung about this content:

Chairman of Hai Phong City People’s Committee Nguyen Van Tung. Photo released by VNA

In 2022, despite the influence of many factors and socio-economic situation, Hai Phong will continue to stabilize and develop comprehensively. Can you generalize the outstanding results of the city?

In 2022, the situation in the world and the region has many rapid, strong, complicated and unpredictable changes; appeared many new factors, unprecedented, beyond the predictability.

In that context, closely following the correct and timely leadership and direction of the Party Central Committee, National Assembly, Government, City Party Committee, People’s Council and City People’s Committee, actively and drastically synchronously deploying many solutions, with the efforts of all levels, branches and localities, the consensus and support of the people and the business community, the city’s socio-economic stability continues and comprehensive development, outstanding results:

The city’s economy continued to maintain its growth momentum with the gross domestic product (GRDP) increasing by 12.32% over the same period, about 1.5 times higher than the national average. country in terms of economic growth. The main economic indicators continued to have growth over the same period: the index of industrial production (IIP) increased by 14.5%; export turnover of 29 billion USD, up 10.56%; 7 million tourists, up 88.17%; cargo throughput through the port is 168 million tons, up 11.85%; total realized investment capital is 180 trillion dong, up 11.33%; foreign investment attraction reached 2.5 billion USD.

Total state budget revenue in the area is estimated at 108,674 billion VND, reaching 118.4% of the estimate assigned by the Central Government and 102.9% of the estimate assigned by the City People’s Council, of which, revenue from import-export activities is estimated at VND 66,000 billion. VND, reaching 118% of the estimate assigned by the Central Government and 110% of the estimate assigned by the City People’s Council; Domestic revenue strives to complete 41,000 billion VND according to the estimated plan assigned by the City Council. This is the first year that the city’s budget revenue has reached over VND 100 trillion, ranking third in the country after Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. Ho Chi Minh.

Implement synchronously and effectively the COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control program, well control the epidemic situation, creating favorable conditions to promote the city’s socio-economic development.

The business investment environment continued to improve strongly, the Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) in 2021 surpassed to rank 2nd out of 63 provinces and cities, reaching the highest position ever. . The city broke through to the top of the PAR Index for the first time in 2021.

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A series of important infrastructure projects with a total investment of up to thousands of billions of dong have been approved by the city and are about to start construction, typically: the investment project to build the Ring Road 2 in Hai Phong city. Room, intersection Tan Vu – Hung Dao – Bui Vien Street; investment project on construction of Nguyen Trai bridge and urban embellishment in the vicinity; infrastructure investment project of Tien Thanh Industrial Park; investment projects to build terminal T2 at Cat Bi airport… These projects will contribute to changing the urban face, creating a driving force for the city’s socio-economic development.

Initial effective implementation of Resolution No. 35/2021/QH15 dated November 13, 2021 of the National Assembly on piloting a number of specific mechanisms and policies for Hai Phong city development; The digital transformation program has been strongly implemented at all levels, sectors and localities. Paying attention to well performing the tasks of cultural and social development, ensuring social security and people’s life; implementing the project of building social housing in combination with housing settlement for households living in old apartment buildings in the city.

Resolution No. 30-NQ/TW dated November 23, 2022 of the Politburo on socio-economic development and assurance of national defense and security in the Red River Delta until 2030, with a vision to 2045, period It is expected to create a new position and force for Hai Phong and the whole region. What do you think about this important resolution?

The Red River Delta is a strategically important area of ​​special importance in terms of politics, economy – society, national defense, security and foreign affairs; is the northern gateway of Vietnam to the region and the world; Hanoi is the capital, the economic center of the North – one of the four driving forces for economic development of the country.

The Politburo promulgates a new Resolution on regional development that will continue to create new breakthroughs in development, new and stronger changes in promoting its position and special important role and exploiting its position. more effectively exploiting the region’s great development potential and advantages; overcome the shortcomings, overcome new difficulties and challenges that are posed in the development of the Red River Delta until 2030, with a vision to 2045.

The Resolution has expressed 05 important guiding viewpoints, fully and basically defining objectives, vision and specific socio-environmental targets; identified 09 groups of tasks, synchronous and realistic solutions to meet the requirements of the new development phase. The Resolution of the Politburo this time has many new points, with the goal of awakening the potential, advantages and great development opportunities of the Red River Delta. The cross-cutting thought is to strengthen regional linkages to create development motivation for localities and the whole region; effectively exploit the special position of the region to access and form large markets, participate more deeply in global production and supply chains.

Along with Resolution No. 45-NQ/TW dated January 24, 2019 of the Politburo on the construction and development of Hai Phong city to 2030, with a vision to 2045, this new Resolution of the Politburo on The development of the Red River Delta region will be an important legal and political basis, the basis for building a strategic and long-term orientation for the development of Hai Phong city in the common space of the Red River Delta. and the whole country.

From a practical perspective, the linkage of the Red River Delta region still has some limitations such as institutional and policy linkages, value chain connectivity, etc. What is your view on these limitations?

Resolution No. 30-NQ/TW of the Politburo identified one of the limitations and weaknesses in regional development as the slow renewal of regional linkages, the lack of mechanisms and policies to link the development goals of the region. local with the common goal of the region.

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In fact, in the past period, not only the Red River Delta region in particular but also regions across the country in general lacked mechanisms and policies to develop regional linkages, especially in economic development and cooperation. solve inter-provincial and inter-regional problems. Socio-economic regions are not an administrative màn chơi and are not subject to regulation by the legal system, so the promulgation of mechanisms and policies and the allocation of resources to implement development goals and tasks face many challenges. difficult.

Before the Law on Planning was promulgated, socio-economic development master plans and regional sectoral plans were prepared simultaneously but lacked the linkage, synchronization and consistency. On the other hand, these plans are not really binding tools in orienting and coordinating regional development.

The cooperation and association with localities in the region is new, single, unexploited, bringing into full play the potential and strengths of each locality. Cooperation activities of localities in the region are not diversified, mainly in exchange of information, experience and training of staff. Cooperation is mainly bilateral, there is a lack of multilateral cooperation.

Resources to invest in regional linkage projects are low; contributions from the local budget for regional linkage projects facing difficulties because they are not consistent with the provisions of the State Budget Law. Therefore, the implementation of leading projects, regional linkages to exploit long-term advantages and cope with regional challenges is still limited.

In recent years, Hai Phong has been the locality that initiated many important cooperation and signed agreements for socio-economic development in the region such as: Cooperation in the Northern key economic region; the Red River Delta; Hanoi Capital area; cooperation with Hanoi, Quang Ninh, Thai Binh, Hai Duong.

Proposing, implementing and coordinating investment projects in connecting infrastructure, especially inter-regional traffic projects, such as Quang Thanh bridge (connecting An Lao district, Hai Phong city and Thanh Ha district, the province) Hai Duong), Dinh bridge (connecting Thuy Nguyen district, Hai Phong city and Kinh Mon town, Hai Duong province), Song Hoa bridge (connecting Vinh Bao district, Hai Phong city and Thai Thuy district, Thai Binh province). Actively coordinating with Quang Ninh province to build Ben Rung and Lai Xuan bridges; to build a coastal road route through Hai Phong city and 9 km in Thai Binh province.

However, the implementation process also encountered many difficulties due to problems in decentralization and investment mechanisms. The transport system in the city is interested in investment but is not commensurate with the development requirements, especially the railway line in the city has not changed for a long time, the railway infrastructure is old, obsolete means.

Sir, with the leading role in the economic development of the region along with its existing and outstanding advantages, how should Hai Phong have more orientations, breakthrough mechanisms and long-term vision? resonate, create strength to develop Hai Phong and the whole region in 2023 and the following years?

With an economic scale that is only second in the region after Hanoi capital, Hai Phong’s ability to maintain its growth rate at double digits for a long time, continuously leading the whole region is a result of efforts and striving. perseverance and determination of the army and people of the city, with the mission that Hai Phong develops not only for Hai Phong but for the whole region and the whole country.

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On the basis of existing and existing outstanding advantages, Resolution No. 30-NQ/TW of the Politburo has also identified tasks and solutions aimed at: Developing Hai Phong city into an international logistics center modern; To build the Hai Phong – Quang Ninh area into a modern, international and leading marine economic center in Southeast Asia, a gateway and a driving force for the region’s development.

Hai Phong city has been determined to strive to rise strongly, affirming its role as a gateway to the great sea of ​​the country, the center of marine economy and modern industry of the country; Strive to build and develop the city not only as an important development pole in the development triangle of Hanoi – Hai Phong – Quang Ninh but also as a driving force for the development of the Northern region and the whole country in accordance with the right view. 45-NQ/TW of the Politburo on the construction and development of Hai Phong city to 2030, with a vision to 2045.

To achieve the above goal, the Central Government needs to have specific mechanisms and policies to build and develop Hai Phong – Quang Ninh into an international maritime economic center, leading in Southeast Asia, and a gateway to the world. , the development engine of the region. Accordingly, it is necessary to soon invest in the Quang Ninh – Hai Phong – Thai Binh – Ninh Binh coastal railway line; invest in the construction of a high-speed railway line from Lao Cai – Hanoi – Hai Phong to Lach Huyen international gateway port (including branching off to Dinh Vu port) so that the transportation of passengers and goods is more convenient, more efficient, reducing transportation costs and reducing the load on the already overloaded road system.

Researching and implementing a suitable and unified model of seaport management agency, clearly defining roles and responsibilities among central agencies, local authorities and enterprises in planning, construction investment, management and exploitation of seaports; in the direction of needing to create initiative, creativity, decentralization and decentralization for local authorities.

For the Red River Delta region, the Central Government and the Government should consider researching and building up perfect institutions, organizations, apparatus and resources that are strong enough to strengthen linkages to develop the region, creating a driving force for growth. for the whole region. To soon complete the regional planning to orient the localities and become a tool for regional and local management. Having mechanisms and policies suitable for localities to play the role of “headquarters”; having appropriate financial and budgetary mechanisms and policies to help localities actively participate in activities of association and investment in other localities. local, regional and national interests.

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