Phân tích bài thơ Tức Cảnh Pác Bó của Hồ Chí Minh

Topic: Can you analyze Ho Chi Minh’s poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo to see Uncle Ho’s generous, loving and optimistic soul despite being in difficult and deprived situations?

Ho Chi Minh’s poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo was born in the context of the resistance war against the French. At this time, Uncle had to live and work in a place of poverty, had to live in caves, eat corn instead, work on rocks…

However, despite this, Uncle Ho was still very optimistic and loved life, Ho Chi Minh’s poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo showed us that Uncle still looked at life through joyful, optimistic eyes.

Here are some good essays analyzing Ho Chi Minh’s poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo for your reference:

Lesson 1. Tran Ha Thu’s essay analyzed Ho Chi Minh’s poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo:

Ho Chi Minh is a prominent historical figure of our nation, a great poet, and a world cultural celebrity. His poetic life always goes hand in hand with his political life. He left the country a massive and rich literary career. In which, the best is the poem “The scene of Pac Bo”, which was born during the extremely difficult and arduous period of resistance against the French colonialists. At that time, Uncle had to live and work in extremely poor circumstances: in Pac Bo cave; eat corn porridge instead of rice, eat bamboo shoots instead of vegetables; The desk is a precarious stone table beside the Lenin stream next to the cave. The poem has described Uncle Ho’s relaxed, optimistic spirit, love of life, and “beastly forest” of Uncle Ho.

Analysis of Ho Chi Minh’s poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo – Illustration

First of all, we should understand “animal forest Tuyen” is: Uncle’s fun and elegant way of playing in the green forest, red mountain, Lam Tuyen is forest and mountain stream and flowing stream, Uncle’s hobby is loving nature, loving Pac forest. Bouquets, plants, flowers, birds and even the sound of water murmuring in the creek are also poetic and charming in his poetry.

At the beginning of the poem, Uncle wrote: “Go to the stream in the morning, go to the cave at night

Right at the very first sentence, Uncle Ho opened before the reader’s eyes a very regular and rhythmic routine of his life, cyclical according to a certain time, from morning to night, he was attached to nature. With art for: “morning-evening”, “in and out”, “stream bank – cave”, Uncle Ho has painted a vivid picture of nature that contrasts harmoniously and reasonably.

“Cement sheath vegetable porridge is ready”

If the first verse is about Uncle Ho’s work and residence, the second verse is about Uncle’s daily life and eating, where in the mountains and forests there are hundreds of shortages, he only eats what is available in the mountains. forest: porridge, bamboo shoots. Even though it is difficult, Uncle is always satisfied, accepting, ready to overcome difficulties and obstacles.

Followed by the third sentence:“The stone table of the Party’s history”

Showed the beauty of the revolutionary soldier. On the bank of the Lenin stream, the water is murmuring, next to it is a stone table and a book, the image of Uncle Ho appears as an important factor to bring that beautiful natural picture from stillness to movement. Uncle Ho’s “ancient beast” is most clearly shown in this sentence. Although the situation in reality is difficult and difficult, it seems impossible to stop Uncle Ho’s great work (the Party history), from which we can see more clearly. His optimistic spirit, cavalier demeanor, and love of nature were always latent in Uncle Ho’s people.

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The last sentence of the poem is like a self-review of Uncle Ho about his revolutionary life: “Life truly is revolutionary to”

The poem evokes many thoughts in the reader. Although making a revolution is so arduous, it is really “luxurious” for a leader. This “sang” is not “sang” in material terms but “sang” in spirit. Being active in the revolution to save the country is a joy for Uncle Ho, this joy cannot be bought. It is priceless!

It can be said that with the poetic form of four great words, the art of contrasting, and the witty voice, the poem “The scene of Pac Bo” has shown us how generous Uncle Ho’s “animal beast” is. You can see that the spirit of optimism, deep love of the country is always latent in this respectable person.


Lesson 2. Hoang Anh Hong’s essay analyzed Ho Chi Minh’s poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo:

That is, Pac Bo scene is one of the quartet poems that represent Ho Chi Minh’s poetic style. The poem expresses Uncle Ho’s joy, strong faith and extraordinary energy in the situation of living and working in the mountains and forests of Viet Bac, after decades of separation from the country and the nation.

In the morning to the river bank, at night to the cave,
Cement sheath vegetable porridge is ready.
The stone table is precarious, the Party’s history,
Life truly is revolutionary to.

Quartet poetry is usually short and concise, so in order to understand the meaning of the poem, we must first understand the circumstances of the poem’s birth.

Analysis of Ho Chi Minh's poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo

Analysis of Ho Chi Minh’s poem Tuc Canh Pac Bo – Illustration

In June 1940, the world situation had many great changes. French colonialists surrender to Nazi Germany. At this time, Uncle was working secretly in Kunming (Yunnan, China). In February 1941, Uncle returned home and chose Pac Bo as the base to directly lead the revolutionary movement for national liberation. Uncle’s living situation at this time is extremely difficult and needy. It was cold, his health was weak, but Uncle had to stay in a small, dark, damp cave. Eating very hard, daily food mostly cornmeal porridge and bamboo shoots. Uncle’s desk is a stone by the stream.

But poverty and hardship did not bother Uncle. Uncle devoted all his heart to leading the revolutionary movement, so he forgot all the hardships; always excited, believe in the bright future of the country.

The first three lines of the poem describe the scene of Uncle Ho’s life and work. The first sentence is about a place to live, the second sentence is about food, the third sentence is about means of work. The fourth sentence is lyrical, expressing Uncle Ho’s feelings about his life at that time. In the difficult and difficult reality, Uncle Ho’s soul still shines with a revolutionary spirit.

Go to the stream in the morning, go to the cave at night

Uncle Ho’s cave is called Coc Bo cave, just over a square meter at the bottom is relatively flat, enough for a board instead of a bed. The cave wall has high convexity, deep depression, and the air is cold and humid. In front of the cave is a small stream flowing close to the foot of the mountain. Uncle named it Lenin stream and Marx mountain. Uncle’s desk is a stone slab on two stones and a lower stone as a chair is also near the stream.

Uncle’s living space is divided into two parts: one is a cave, the other is a stream. The action is also divided into two: going to the stream, entering the cave. Regular daily schedule: morning out, evening in. Going to the stream in the morning is to work, at night, going to the cave is to rest. The truth is almost like that. In fact, the poetry is hidden in the melody, it is still the 4/3 or 2/2/1/2 rhythm of the seven-word Tang Lu verse, but embedded in it is a steady, leisurely rhythm like the cyclic rhythm of heaven and earth. . Morning and evening, evening and light; out and in, in and out… simple, familiar but durable, cavalier.

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The hardships of the living situation, the danger lurking by the enemy… all of them seemed to sink and disappear before Uncle Ho’s peaceful and free demeanor:

Cement sheath vegetable porridge is ready.

A simple, frugal meal, surrounded by only corn porridge and bitter bamboo shoots, bamboo shoots, wild vegetables … day in and day out, still ready means that those things are always available around. On the other hand, porridge and bamboo shoots are also reminiscent of the peaceful life of the ancients:

Eat bamboo shoots in autumn, eat price in winter,
Spring bathing in a lotus pond, summer bathing in a pond.

(Nguyen Binh Khiem)


Blue bamboo, the water in us is available

(Nguyen Trai)

Poverty has been poeticized into luxury. It used to be a convention, a symbol, now it is completely real. Just a little glimpse of the old verse is richer and more meaningful.

But the most interesting is still the poetic tone. Porridge, bamboo shoots as well as in the morning, in the evening, the rhythm is peaceful and harmonious inside. Three words are still ready to raise the verse to a comment with an optimistic tone, almost proud, meaning peace, freedom at a higher level.

The first two verses are realistic, the third verse is both realistic and lyrical. There is no human figure above, but here, people have appeared alive and have clear actions:

The stone table staggers the Party’s history,

If in the phrase still ready, there is a hint of joy, then behind the predicament is a witty, profound smile. Unsteady capital means not stable, no firm support. Uncle’s stone table is really precarious because it is just a stone slab. It’s that awkward desk thing. But the meaning of the word precarious is not to refer to the characteristics of a specific stone table, but to be a metaphor for the difficult situation of our country’s revolution and the world revolution at that time. That year, the fascists were winning on all fronts. However, in that precarious position, Uncle Ho still calmly translated the Party history (the history of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, written in Russian) for our cadres to study and learn from rich and valuable experiences to operate. applied to the practice of the nation’s revolutionary struggle movement.

This act of Uncle Ho has the effect of laying the theoretical foundation for the Vietnamese revolution. That is a very necessary thing. Contrasting the seriousness and importance of the work with the simple, unsteady look of the stone table, it sounds a bit humorous and joking, but in fact, it has great revolutionary significance.

Recalling that time, the whole world was in danger of sinking into a fascist disaster. Yet the 8th Central Conference of our Party (May 1941) still affirmed that the domestic revolution would be victorious. Was it not in the precarious situation that Uncle Ho still affirmed the sure victory of the cause of national liberation and national liberation? That is the strategic vision, the clear thinking of a talented leader.

Listen to the tone of the poem to see it clearly. In the fourth beat (The stone table is precarious) the sound is somewhat bamboozled (three equal bars, one barometer), reminiscent of a dangerous situation; but in the third beat (translation of the Party), on the contrary, the sound is solid, strong, (three barometers) showing the resolute will to fight and believe. The verse exudes an active and steady posture in the face of all dangers of Uncle Ho, adding an elegant and sublime smile.

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The ancients, when reluctant, often fled to the mountains and forests to enjoy the forest to comfort their souls, but Uncle was different. Uncle came to the mountains and forests not for the purpose of hiding but to plot every step of the revolutionary movement for national liberation.

In the past, in the days of hiding in Con Son, Nguyen Trai poeticized his frugal life:

Con Son has clear springs,
I hear the stream flowing like a harp.
Con Son has Qin rhyme stone,
The rain pours clean stones, we lie down, we play.
Now, Uncle Ho works in the scene:
The stone table staggers the Party’s history.

In the figure of the fairy by the stream is the essence of a resilient revolutionary leader.

If in the first three verses, joy and pride are still hidden inside, then in the last verse, that joy is clearly revealed through words, rhythm and sound. The poverty and lack of material things have been transformed into spiritual wealth. Uncle assessed that reality with a witty, profound smile of a philosopher:

Life truly is revolutionary to!

Thus, the stream is not only a place to work, the cave is not only a place to rest, but the cave also opens to the stream, creating an open space, enough room for the rhythm of human life to blend in with the rhythm of heaven and earth. Difficulties, hardships as well as disappear into that cyclical rhythm, relax. Porridge and bamboo shoots are miserable, poor, but have been raised to the ready, complete, into a moment of joy. The translation of the Party history on the precarious stone table has shown the solid position of the revolutionary process in the midst of danger. The revolutionary life is so luxurious! The spirit of the poem gathers even in this word. Uncle Ho’s faith and pride shined through the whole poem.

It is the leisurely entrance and exit, the spirit is still ready, the temperament, the solid character in the precarious situation has made the luxury and the preciousness in the life of a person, wholeheartedly striving to make sacrifices for the career. national liberation revolution and oppressed humanity all over the world.

The quartet poem is short but has helped us understand more about an active life of Uncle Ho. Overcoming all difficulties and hardships, Uncle Ho still lived a leisurely, serene life with absolute confidence in the victory of the revolutionary cause. Besides, the poem is also a poignant lesson about the correct and positive attitude and life view of a true communist soldier.

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